November 21, according to Vietnamese reports, the U.S. Commerce Department officially produced from Welding Cables steel pipe such as Vietnam, India, Oman and the UAE anti-dumping and countervailing duty investigations. Vietnam has 10 iron and steel enterprises are investigating the alleged dumping from 4 January to 30 September 2011, suspected of subsidies from January 1, 2011 to December 31,. Reported that this is the second U.S. anti-subsidy investigations launched against Vietnam, but the countervailing and anti-dumping investigations has become a common means of the United States launched the "non-market economies" trade war. According to the Vietnam Steel Association, said the 10 Vietnamese enterprises, three have been identified and does not export Welding Rod Steel, but still included in the anti-dumping and countervailing investigations list.
1) carbon (C) Carbon is the major alloying elements in steel When the carbon content increases, the strength of steel, the hardness significantly increased, while the plasticity decreases. Welding Accessory, the carbon play a certain role in deoxy role in the arc under high temperature and oxygen compounds, to generate carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide gas, arc and pool ambient air excluded, to prevent oxygen in the air, nitrogen harmful gas bath adverse impact of reducing the oxygen and nitrogen content in weld metal. If the carbon content is too high, severe reduction will cause a large splash and stomatal Take into account the impact of carbon steel hardenability and increase crack sensitivity, low-carbon steel welding core carbon content is generally 0.1%. 2) Manganese (Mn) of manganese in steel is a good alloying agent, with the increase of manganese content, the strength and toughness will be increased. In Welding Supplies, manganese is also a good deoxidizer, can reduce the oxygen content in the weld. Manganese and sulfide co-formation of manganese sulfide float in the slag, thereby reducing the weld hot cracking tendency. General carbon structural steel welding core manganese content of 0.30% 0 55% of welding some special-purpose steel wire, the manganese content up to 1. 70% of 2.10%. 3) Silicon (Si) silicon is also a good alloying agent in steel and adding an appropriate amount of silicon can increase the yield strength, flexibility and acid resistance; if the content is too high, then reduce the ductility and toughness. In the welding process, the silicon also has a good deoxidation capacity with oxygen to form silicon dioxide, but it will improve the viscosity of the slag, easy to promote non-metallic inclusions generated. 4) Chromium (Cr) Chromium can increase the hardness, wear resistance and corrosion resistance. For low-carbon steel, chromium is an accidental impurity. Metallurgical characteristics of the chromium is subject to rapid oxidation, the formation of refractory oxides of chromium oxide (Cr2O3), thereby increasing the likelihood of weld metal inclusions. Chromium oxide transition to slag make the slag viscosity increased, decreased mobility. 5), nickel (Ni) of nickel on the toughness of steel have a more significant effect, appropriate incorporation of nickel 6) sulfur (S) Sulfur is a harmful impurities, with the increase in the sulfur content, generally low-temperature impact value higher will increase the tendency of hot cracking of welds, welding core sulfur content not greater than 0.04%. In the welding of important structures, the sulfur content not greater than 0.03%.